The John Batchelor Show, 22 November 2017
“…The heart of the matter is the monitoring and verification of the deal that is found in a provision that lays out access to Iran’s military sites, known as “Section T,” in Annex 1 of the JCPOA. That section prohibits Iran from activities related to nuclear weapons, and it puts equipment that is known as “dual-use” under controls, because it could be used in nuclear weapons development.
Iran flatly rejects any inspection of its military sites, but opening those locations up to IAEA monitors is at the root of the debate about whether the U.S. remains party to, or walks away from the nuclear agreement.
Amano has conceded that he had concerns about the IAEA’s ability to verify some of Iran’s undeclared past nuclear activities, where the evidence simply doesn’t exist anymore, but he says the agency has access to the sites it needs today.
To ensure verification, Amano wants Iran to comply with an agreement called the “Additional Protocol,” which Iran’s government signed, but has yet to ratify.
The lobbying on both sides has intensified.
The European Union’s foreign policy chief, Federica Mogherini, was also in Washington this week meeting with Trump administration officials and Congressional representatives, hoping to keep the U.S. in the deal, following up on her meeting with all the principals on the sidelines of the U.N. General Assembly in September.